Friday, September 26, 2008

Medicare: "Do as we say, not as we do"

While Medicare officials advise seniors to shop around, I recall that the federal Medicare program itself is prohibited from shopping around for the lowest drug prices:
As written, the legislation complied with a drug industry demand that Medicare be prohibited from negotiating with manufacturers for lower drug prices. Among those helping the industry make its stand was Rep. Billy Tauzin (R-Louisiana), whose committee on energy and commerce oversaw Medicare. In an odoriferous development, Tauzin soon quit Congress to become president of the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America – Big Pharma’s Washington lobbying group.
I think healthcare reform would proceed a lot faster if all members of Congress and their staff were required to use Medicare as their health insurance.

Thursday, September 25, 2008

Monday, September 22, 2008

All of a Sudden

From Sen. Bernie Sanders at DemocracyNow.org:
For years now, they’ve told us that we can’t afford—that the government providing healthcare to all people is just unimaginable; it can’t be done. We don’t have the money to rebuild our infrastructure. We don’t have the money to wipe out poverty. We can’t do it. But all of a sudden, yeah, we do have $700 billion for a bailout of Wall Street.
It's rather sickening.

Via Daring Fireball.

Sunday, September 07, 2008

How do doctors get paid?

The following was recently posted in a listserve that I subscribe to. It is insightful and published with the author's permission (plus it saves me the trouble of writing an entry myself).
Imagine going to your favorite restaurant. You are greeted at the door by the hostess, who seats you and takes your drink order. You order through your favorite waiter, Andrew, who recommends the special of the day: prime rib with a dinner salad and a chocolate tort for dessert. Soon after, the food is brought out and it is delicious. You have time to enjoy your food. You then receive the bill and pay for your meal, returning to your home satisfied, all your dining needs met. Let’s say you paid $75 for this meal:$50 for the steak, $10 for the salad and $15 for the dessert.

A change then occurs in the restaurant industry. A new form of eating out has been adopted. Your favorite restaurant has now contracted with over 30 different ”restaurant insurance companies.”

Anticipating another pleasant dining experience, your return to the restaurant with your new “subscribers card.” You pay your $5 “copay” and sit down in the foyer of the restaurant. After waiting an hour, even though you made reservations, a harried Andrew greets you and quickly takes your order after you briefly glance at the menu. The food arrives at your table, but before you have time to truly enjoy it, Andrew informs you that “your time is up” and the table is reserved for another party. You are escorted outside with your hastily boxed left-overs.

What has happened to the restaurant? Behind the scenes, the restaurant owner has learned some tough realities of the “new system.” During the first month of taking insurance, the owner submits the charges for the $75 steak dinner. The contract with this particular insurance company already states that they will only pay $45 for the $50 steak, but the owner decides that the extra customers brought to the restaurant by contracting with this insurance company will more than off-set this small loss.

The first attempt at collecting the $75 dollars for the full meal is returned unpaid due to a clerical error. The owner mistakenly used the number assigned by another insurance company. The owner mails the corrected form.

In response to the second request for payment, the insurance company does not send a check, but a detailed questionnaire: Was basil used in seasoning the steak? Was it necessary to use basil for this particular recipe? Did the restaurant ask for permission to use basil from the insurance company before serving the steak? The owner submits the answers, emphasizing that the basil is part of a family recipe that made the restaurant famous.

The owner waits another week (it has now been 3 weeks since the dinner was served). The check arrives three and a half weeks after the meal was served. The check is for $20 and states that it is specifically for the steak. The check also comes with a letter stating that no billing of the patron may occur for the salad, but no other explanation is enclosed. No mention is made of the $15 dessert.

The now frustrated restaurant owner calls the provider service number listed in the contract. After five separate phone calls to five different numbers (The harried voice behind phone call number four explains that the insurance company has merged with another insurance company and the phone numbers had all changed last week, sorry for the inconvenience…), the owner gets to ask why, when the contract says the steak will be paid at $45, has the check only been written for $20? And what happened to the payment for the salad and the dessert?

As it turns out, this particular patron’s insurance contract only pays $45 when the patron has reached their deductible, which this patron has not at this time. The remaining portion of the steak must now be billed by the restaurant to the patron directly.

The $10 for the salad would have been paid if the patron had ordered it on a different day, but, per page 35 in the contract, because it was billed on the same day as the steak, it is considered to be part of the payment for the steak and no extra money can be collected from the patron or the insurance company.

The dessert should have had a “modifier” number put with its particular billing code in order to receive payment when billed with the steak and the salad.

Realizing that the billing is quite a bit harder than anticipated, the restaurant owner hires a person to specifically make sure these errors do not occur again. The owner must lay off the hostess and the bus boy to hire the biller, but feels these duties can be added to the waiter’s other responsibilities.

In the meantime, the restaurant owner has now had to have the waiter take on the job of answering the phones due to the now high volume of phone calls from patrons questioning why they are receiving bills for meals they ate over 2 months ago and why did their insurance company not pay for this portion of the meal. This extra work is now resulting in longer times patrons must wait to be seated and served, and grumblings from the waiters who “were not hired or trained to do this kind of work.”

The owner now realizes that, although the dinner originally cost $75 to make, only $22 has been paid. The remaining $30 billed to the patron has now cost $10 in overtime for the biller and mailing a second bill to the patron after the first bill went unpaid. By the third billing cycle, the owner realizes a collection agency must be employed in order to have any hope of receiving any portion of payment from the patron.

In order to meet costs, the restaurant owner now must seat twice as many patrons in the same amount of time. The owner has now over-extended the waiter, who was an excellent waiter, but is now taking on the roles of host, phone answering and table bussing, as the pay for these employees has been shifted to the biller and the collection agency.

What was once an outstanding business that focused on fine dining and customer service has now been turned into a business in the business of trying to get paid.

Alas, I wish this were a fictional tale, but it is not. The only fictional portion is that this is not your favorite restaurant, but your favorite doctor’s office, who is responsible not for meeting your dining needs, but those of your health.

Megan Lewis, M.D.
A family doctor in rural Colorado.

This analogy reminds me of a similar one that I read a few months ago in the Los Angeles Times: "Dollars to doughnuts diagnosis":
Imagine one morning you're craving something sweet, so you stop by the corner doughnut shop. Turns out the wait is half an hour, the clerk is rude and, when you finally get it, the doughnut is stale. Would you buy doughnuts there again? Of course not.

Yet, every day, millions of Americans put up with just that kind of service in their physicians' offices. And they keep going back.

Anyone who has visited a primary care doctor lately knows the drill: You show up on time, only to wait 45 minutes or even an hour. In the examination room, the physician (who offers no apology) seems distracted, harried and eager to get to the next patient. Then you're referred to a specialist -- who doesn't have an opening for a month.

Every politician and his Aunt Martha has a scheme to overhaul American healthcare. But not one of them will solve this problem: Most doctors are awful at serving their patients. The typical hair salon pays more attention to customer service than the typical doctor.

Why?
Because not enough people are pissed off enough with the current system to demand a change - yet.

But the two authors above, Dr Megan Lewis and Dr. Albert Fuchs, are. They both decided that they would rather be paid by their patients than by insurance companies, and don't take any insurance at all. Now all we need are some patients who would rather pay their doctor to do a good job than pay a health plan that gets in the way of doctors trying to do a good job.

Friday, September 05, 2008

Virginia FP of the Year = IMP!

From the Newport News Daily Press, an interview with this year's Virginia Family Physician of the Year:
When was the last time that your family physician made a house call? Or you were able to make a same-day appointment, see the doctor without waiting -- and then spend a half hour talking over your treatment plan?

These seemingly old-fashioned images are at the core of practicing medicine for Dr. John Brady of The Village Doctor. Working and living in the Hilton Village area of Newport News, Brady and nurse Jeannie Arado provide preventative care, management of chronic illnesses and special care coordination for nearly 1,500 patients.

As he developed his business model, Dr. Brady became active in a national movement known as the "Ideal Medical Practices, " or "IMP," which focuses on managing practice work-flow and communications to increase quality in primary care. Brady's efforts and those of other IMP practices around the country, gained national attention in 2006, with an article in The Wall Street Journal.

For more articles about Ideal Medical Practices, go here.
For his accomplishments, Brady was recently selected by the Virginia Academy of Family Physicians as the 2008-2009 Virginia Family Physician of the Year. This statewide award, which is the academy's highest honor, is presented to "a family physician who gives compassionate care, is active in the community, and serves as a role model to medical students and other medical professionals."

An article from 2 weeks ago about Dr. Brady's practice can be found here.

When my solo practice grows up, I want it to be just like Dr. Brady's.